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NDF Talk – Open Data is Table Stakes

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At the NDF 2015 conference I gave a talk on measuring the success of your open data work. Here is text and the YouTube video for the talk.

1. Intro

I said in my pitch for this talk that no GLAM organisation in New Zealand provides truly open data and this makes me a little sad. Now, I’m not going to go into why you should do open data, there is a great presentation called The Future is Open by Michael Edson which I recommend you take a look at if you need to be convinced.

The good news is that there are very few if any organizations worldwide who are doing it right. So, we’re not alone.

But what is right?

Well, firstly we should define data. And sometimes it is easier to define what data isn’t. Data is not metadata, data is not numbers, data is not charts, data is not image files, data is not essays.

Data is all of the things. Data is everything that your organization outputs. To steal a proverb, one man’s essay is another man’s corpus of text mining training data. And when you think about it an image is simply data on a point in time.

2. NZGOAL

So if we think about data like this, how do we make it open? Contrary to popular belief open data is not a CC license. Now NZGOAL, along with other tools are great initiatives and we hear a lot about these in the GLAM sector.

But we actually have the rather dryly titled “New Zealand Data and Information Management Principles” which came out in 2011. It’s a great framework for thinking about what open data actually means in practice.

3. 7 principles

There are 7 principles:

  • Open
  • Protected
  • Readily Available
  • Trusted and Authoritative
  • Well Managed
  • Reasonably Priced
  • Reusable

And when we dive into these one by one we can easily measure ourselves against the principals.

4. Open:

Data should be open. You need a really, really, really good reason not to release it. I’m not going to go into the OIA in 7 minutes but national security probably isn’t the reason why you are choosing to not open something, although the archivist for the GCSB may beg to differ. So what is your moral argument for not opening something?

5. Protected:

Of course, some items are going to be personal or confidential — so how do we deal with those? At what point does a soldier’s medical record become acceptable? For our sector I’d go further and bring in issues of cultural sensitivity. The National Library has really good policies around this and maybe this is something that we can work on as a sector to come up with a starting point for all organizations to follow.

6. Readily Available:

You think about making the information accessible from day 1. You don’t give Google something and not everybody else. And you need to make sure it is well documented and easy to find. Have a page or catalogue outlining what data you have, what your policies are and list this data in data.govt.nz. Wouldn’t it be great if you could go to any natlib.govt.nz/data or tepapa.govt.nz/data or aucklandmuseum.govt.nz/data and know that you will find their open data policies and what data they have available?

Earlier today there were questions about the licensing of the Cenotaph database that are not clear on the website even though it contains a lot of reusable content and access via the Auckland Museum API.

7. Trusted and Authoritative, Well Managed:

We should have this nailed right? This is what we do, we’re memory institutions! On the flip side, don’t be afraid to open something that isn’t perfect. People will forgive if you if you are upfront about your imperfections.

8. Reasonably Priced:

A pretty binary decision here. The cost of dissemination is trending to zero, there is no reason to charge if you are a reasonable sized organization. In fact, charging can cost you money, we have yet to see an organization that makes a profit from licensing images when people‚’s time has been taken into account. Now I get the issues that small museums face with funding and selling images can help, a few hundred dollars a year can make a real difference when volunteers are fulfilling the request.

9. Reusable:

This is the nuts and bolts so let me dig deeper here.

10. Original versions:

I don’t care how good your lossy jpeg is, the source or it isn’t original. Now feel free to provide reusable derivatives, as a default but only derivatives is not original. You may protect these behind some form of key to limit the effects of network traffic but they should still be readily available if requested.

11. Re-usable:

It needs to have a proper license. In New Zealand a NZGOAL license is understood and well documented. And let me reiterate, Non Commercial licenses are not truly open.

12. Machine-readable format:

Understand how coders think. If we can write a script to do something then we will. Make sure that your data can be downloaded and processed with a script. This can be as simple as dumping a CSV file on your web server or as complex as an API. A data dump of some key fields and the urn to the original images is a perfect starting point for most collections data sets.

13. With metadata:

Well documented data is critical. I can’t tell you the number of times I’ve run into an API only to find that I can’t get it to work. Just last week with the Cooper Hewitt API it took me a few tries to work out if the ‘has_images’ parameter needed a ‘yes’, ‘true’ or ‘1’ as the value. There are a bunch of tools out there now which make it really easy to document your API‚’s and datasets, use them.

14. In aggregate or modified forms if they cannot be released in their original state:

Because sometime we can’t release the originals. If you have a dataset with lots of personal information it isn’t something that you want to, or should release. But think about what you can release. Is there aggregated data that you can release? Can you strip personal information out and still release it?

15. Non-proprietary formats

Data and information released in proprietary formats are also released in open, non-proprietary formats:

Sometimes you do want to release something in a proprietary format to make it really easy to integrate with some industry standard software. That’s OK as long as you also release it in an open format as well. I’ll also go further and say that you should release the data in simple formats even if you are releasing it in an open hard to use format.

16. Digital rights technologies are not imposed on materials made available for re-use:

No watermarks, no DRM.

17. Conclusion

So there you have it. 7 principles in 7 minutes that can guide you in opening data and help you measure where you are.

So how do you measure up?

Header Image: Measuring instrument, 1800s, maker unknown. Acquisition history unknown. CC BY-NC-ND licence. Te Papa (GH002995)

Digitising Local Heritage Links

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We ran a workshop on digitising local heritage last week at the Pt Chevalier library and it was great to hear about the different experiences among the attendees. Timothy Barnett from Auckland Libraries was kind enough to share these links on caring for and digitising heritage items. There is a wealth of information as you start to read through these and I encourage you to spend some time browsing the resources and watching some of the videos.

Digital NZ

The Digital NZ Make it Digital Guides have a wealth of information on digitising content including digitising and imaging.

National Services Te Paerangi

National Services Te Paerangi have a resource section covering a wide range of topics. I particulary liked the photograpy videos on this page.

National Library

The National Library has great resources and a section just on caring for your collections

Other Links

Cover Image: CC-BY_SA Wikipedia:Dvortygirl

Digitising Local Heritage Workshops

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The Albert-Eden Local Board is holding the Bungalow Festival this month and we’re lucky enough to be involved in a couple of the programmes. As well as 2 audio guides we’re running a couple of digitising local heritage workshops, plus setting up a DIY Book Scanner. Now, you may wonder what this has to do with mobile apps and you’d be right to think that it has absolutely nothing in common!

But we work alongside organisations of all sizes from large museums to small historical societies. And what we love doing is finding ways to make technology available to everybody, whether it’s a massive museum or an individual with a passion for exploration. So we are are running two workshops at the event (both free):

Digitising Local Heritage Workshop

When: Fri 25th Sep 11:00am – 12:00pm
Where: Point Chevalier Community Library, 1221 Great North Road, Point Chevalier, Auckland

As old technology becomes obsolete, how do we preserve our heritage for future generations? Experts from Auckland Museum and Auckland Libraries are coming along to talk about digital archiving, and how we can work together to archive and preserve local heritage.

Register here!

DIY Book Scanner Workshop

When: Sat 26th Sep 11:30am – 12:30pm
Where: Point Chevalier Community Library, 1221 Great North Road, Point Chevalier, Auckland

Find out tips and techniques for scanning and digitally archiving your own photos, books and documents at this workshop. Best of all, you’re encouraged to bring your own materials along on the day.

Register here!

Looking forward to seeing you there. If you can’t make the workshops we’ll be there all day Friday and Saturday with the scanner. Feel free to come chat to us!

Upcoming Conferences – October 2015

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It’s that time of year again. NDF is on October 13th and 14th in Wellington and Museums and the Web Asia is on October 5th-8th in Melbourne, Australia. The two conferences are among my favourite and this year I’m a bit biased – I am on the programme committee for MWA2015 and I have joined the board of NDF 😉

National Digital Forum (NDF)

NDF is New Zealand’s main conference for technology and museums. The conference has a really good reputation drawing attendees and speakers from New Zealand, Australia, and around the world.

We’re involved in a couple ways this year; presenting a lightning talk titled Open Data is Table Stakes and helping run a hardware hacking workshop where I will be showing off the DIY Book Scanner. The scanner will also appear during the demo table sessions during the lunchtime of day 1 or day 2 of the conference.

Museums and the Web Asia (MWA2015)

MWA2015 is the offshoot of the MW conferences run out of the US. I’ve attended the US conferences on a number of occasions and it is always good to get a over to the states to get a feel for the state of play in #muestech. This year I was luckily enough to be on the programme committee to review talk proposals and I’m really looking forward to anything on digitisation, collaboration and the museum as a platform. My mind has been buzzing recently with ideas about how we can make small museums be more awesome!

If you are off to either conference and want to catch up on anything mobile, collections, open data, or general museum tech I would love to chat. Just get in touch via email or Twitter.

See you in a few weeks.
Glen

Header Image: Wellington, 1858, by John Bunney. Purchased 1944. Te Papa (1944-0001-2)